Maintenance Tips

Tiles Laying Solution & maintenance tips

Tiles can be laid by two methods
  • Thick bed mortar

    ( Cement )

  • Thin bed mortar

    ( Adhesive )

Advantage of Thin Bed Mortar (Adhesive)

Over Conventional Method (Cement)

  • 01.

    Good adhesion

  • 02.

    Easy application

  • 03.

    Faster application

Tile Adhesive
  • Tiles adhesive are blend of Cement, graded sand & Advanced polymers which are designed considering the properties of tiles
  • Added Polymer allow to accommodate movement due to thermal & physical changes hence protecting the tiles from CRACK
  • Bonding Strength of Adhesive is higher as compared to CEMENT
Tile adhesive Vs Cement
Tile Adhesive Cement

Excellent bond strength

Poor bond strength

High impermeable

No waterproofing properties

Wider application

Limited applications

Easy to use

Needs more attention

Uniform thickness(3-6 mm)

Variable thickness(10-25 mm)

Lesser time required for tile fixing

More time required for tile fixing

No shrinkage cracks

Shrinkage cracks may appear

Wall / Floor where tiles to be laid

The floor where tiles to be laid must meet following requirement

  • Structurally sound, smooth and flat
  • Free from contamination likes as waxy/oily & paints etc
  • Plaster of surface of the wall & floor should be completed at least one weeks prior to tilling (Avoid to fix tiles on Fresh wall/ Floor)
Preparation of tiles
  • Before fixing the tiles, lay them in desired pattern from random boxes & make sure that they give an acceptable blend of shade & size.
  • Different windows/ faces in single design are component of latest printing technology in tiles.
  • Mixing of tiles would blend the shade variation avoiding obvious patches
  • Please note that certain amount of size & shade variation is inherent in ceramic fired products
FIXING THE TILES
    • Use CEMENT & SAND MORTAR in the ratio of 1:3; add some water to create a consistent paste. Please never use NEAT CEMENT for fixing the tiles.
    • In case of adhesive application, please follow adhesive manufacturer instructions
    • Prior to fixing, the tiles should be immersed in clean water for 10-20 minutes.
    • Remove the tiles from the water & allow them to drain to ensure there is no water on the surface
    • Apply quality ceramic tiles adhesive on to the wall evenly using notched spreader.
    • Tiles should be fixed by applying very thin slurry (If laid with cement) on the back of it. If heavy slurry is applied, cement will pull the body of tile inside while as the glaze surface will remain constant that may lead to developing crack (Crazing) on the glaze surface.
    • Tiles should be fixed arrow(mentioned back side of tile)wise to minimize the size & flatness tolerances
  • It is advisable to maintain a space of 2-5 mm between the every two tiles to allow for possible moisture expansion within specified limits
  • Tiles should be fixed by twisting & tampering on the cement mortar bed by rubber mallet to ensure proper contact between tiles & floor.
  • Mason should use soft tools while doing patting/ stroking otherwise fine cracks may develop on the tile and these fine cracks may grow heavy when the cement pinch/ pull take place.
  • Wait for 24 Hrs after fixing the tiles, after that fill the grouts
  • 15-20 minutes after the grouting process, wipe of the excess grouts with damp sponge
Grouting
  • Wait for 24 Hrs after fixing the tiles, after that fill the grouts.
  • 15-20 minutes after the grouting process, wipe of the excess grouts with damp sponge
  • Cutting Curves

    To fit up against a curved surface e.g. edge of washbasin, make a cardboard template of the curve,
    transfer it to the tile surface and cut along the curve.

  • Cutting A Hole

    For a pipe to come through, measure the position, which the hole will occupy on the tile surface, mark straight line vertically down the tile passing through the center of the hole to be cut.

    Score down this line and snap the tiles into two. Using a template, score a semicircle into the two cut edges of the tile which when placed together form a hole.

  • Tiling A Window Recess

    To cut an ‘L’ shape, cut a line from the edge to the center, then score at right angles to this. Lay tiles on the window sill, placing the cut tiles closest to the window.

    Line up the tiles on the sidewalls with those on the main wall.

  • Fixing Accessory Tiles

    Leave space in the run of tiles where accessory tile will fit and scrape out the adhesive left exposed. With surrounding tiles set in place, spread adhesive on the back of accessory and push it firmly into the space.

  • Drilling Through Tile

    Cover the area to be drilled with masking tape, mark the position of the hole on it and drill with sharp masonry-bit using lowest possible speed setting.

Tile Care – Regular cleaning Tips
  • Clean & sweep your tiles regularly
  • Vacuuming is a great way to clean the tiles
  • If you ever need to use a stronger cleaner make sure it is natural e.g., Non-acidic & non alkaline
  • Scrub tiles with nylon scrub pad, do not use steel wool pads which scratch or damage the surface of your tiles
Heavy Duty Cleaning
  • For high traffic areas or when tile has been neglected for a long time, heavy-duty cleaning may be required. Glazed walls and countertops should be cleaned with a scouring powder, commercial tile cleaner or all-purpose cleaner applied with non-metallic or very fine stainless steel pad. Rinse and wipe dry.
  • To clean badly soiled countertops, cover with a solution of scouring powder and very hot water. Let stand for about five minutes and then scrub with a stiff brush. Rinse thoroughly. If stain remains, apply bleach and let stand. Rinse well with clean water and dry after all cleaning.
  • For glazed floors, use a commercial tile cleaner, or apply a strong solution of all-purpose cleaner of scouring powder paste. Let stand five minutes, brush and scrub. Then rinse with clean water and wipe dry.
  • Use chlorine bleach or hydrogen peroxide for stained shower surfaces. If badly stained, it’s best to try a scouring powder containing a bleaching agent, such as Ajax or Comet. Let stand for four to six hours before scrubbing and rinsing thoroughly.
  • Remember, prompt clean-up of spills and regular cleaning will keep your ceramic tile surfaces looking their best.
DO’s and DON’Ts of Ceramic Tile Care
  • Use good mats at doorways to keep sand out which may scratch the tiles.
  • Use buffers under furniture, helps avoiding damage of surface of the tiles.
  • Do test scouring pads in a small area first
  • Do use a silicone sealer on grout joints if continuous staining is a problem.
  • Do not combine ammonia and household bleaches.
  • Do not use acid based cleaner. They can affect the color of tiles as well as grouts
  • Do not use pure vinegar which is acid.
Important to remember
  • Variation in Shades & pattern is a natural feature of ceramics; therefore you are advised to purchase sufficient tiles at one time to complete the job.
  • Mix the tiles from various packs to give a pleasing blend of colour before laying.
  • Size &shade variation are inherent in all fired ceramic products. Check the tiles & ensure for matching shade & sizes before laying.
  • Please select quality of tiles according to usage area
  • Complaints about defective tiles will not be entertained, once tiles are laid.
It is necessary to apply GOOD WORKMANSHIP and SUPERVISION
for perfect & satisfactory tiles laying